Category Archives: Heathen Ways

Spiritual flip-flopping

Seems as if there is a lot of this sort of thing doing the rounds these days, folks cant seem to make their mind up on a particular spiritual path, it’s fucking easy, look at where you were born & where your ancestors hailed! If you are from the Mediterranean – then you are not of Northern Europe – simple!

Research is good & looking into other spiritual faiths is healthy, but be careful in doing so – as all is not is as it seems!

Got Druidry??? The Queen bows to these fuckers, they are as pick andish as kosher, Churchill was one of the fucks! (Do the research, you will find that along with Druidry, Wicca has the same stamp, it’s all based on the Qabalah & Tarot (Torah???) Got the Talmud too???

Same as so-called Celtic (which is now a fucking fashion statement!)

I have been into the occult long enough to know this. Glamorgan, Mountain Ash, The Queen being made a member of the Gorsedd of Bards in 1946 III - 1280pix

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The Sami (indigenous skandinavian) Goahti (turf home)

These are the building stages of a Sami (indigenous skandinavians) arch-beamed Goahti (turf home). This one was built for the International Indigenous Festival, Riddu in Samuelsberg, Norway. The frame is made from birch roundwood pegged together with wood; no nails are used. Poles of roundwood are laid against the frame, pegged and covered with overlapping sheets of birch bark which are kept in place by layers of turf stacked against the sloping walls.

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Eostre was worshipped at the Spring Equinox?

All we know from Bede was that she was worshipped sometime in April. Bede also mentions another Anglo-Saxon goddess, Hredhe, who was honoured in March, and for whom the month of March was named. [8] If the heathen Anglo-Saxons actually did worship a goddess at the Vernal Equinox, then according to the only historical evidence we have it would have been Hredhe, not Eostre.

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Viking hoard provides new clues to ‘previously unknown ruler’

Viking hoard provides new clues to ‘previously unknown ruler’ – Telegraph

One of the most important hoards of Viking silver ever found in Britain
contains valuable coins bearing the identity of a previously unknown ruler,
it emerged yesterday.

Viking hoard provides new clues to 'previously unknown ruler'

Image 1 of 2
The Viking hoard pictured at the British Museum Photo: Trustees of the British Museum.

The “hugely significant” hoard of 1,000-year-old artefacts includes more than 200 coins, ingots and pieces of silver jewellery that was found buried underground in north Lancashire.

Experts at the British Museum are currently examining the hoard after it was discovered in a lead pot by a metal detector enthusiast. A coroner will decide later this week whether it qualifies as treasure.

The hoard was placed in a lead box and buried underground at a time when the Anglo-Saxons were attempting to wrest control of the north of the country from the Vikings.

Yesterday, the central London museum unveiled the hoard, the fourth largest ever found, which included Anglo-Saxon, Anglo-Viking, German and Islamic coins.

In total there were 201 silver objects, including the 27 coins which date the burial around 900AD, around the time the Vikings had been expelled from Dublin and were fighting the Anglo-Saxons to keep control of the north of England.

It also includes also coins from the time of Alfred the Great, who reigned from 871 to 899, and from the Viking kingdom of Northumbria.

One silver denier, bears the name Charles. Others bear the name Airdeconut, a Viking ruler in northern England.

Officials said the inscription Airdeconut, appeared to be an attempt to represent the Scandinavian name Harthacnut.

They said this was because many Vikings had converted to Christianity within a generation of settling in Britain.

On the other side were the words DNS (Dominus) REX, which was arranged in the form of a cross.

“The design of the coin relates to known coins of the kings Siefredus and Cnut, who ruled the Viking kingdom of Northumbria around AD900, but Harthacnut is otherwise unrecorded,” a museum spokesman said.

“It is a very significant find. It is a very large haul and it is the fourth large Viking find in the UK. Because it is recently discovered there is lots of research to be done.”

Experts believe the hoard, which also includes 10 arm rings, two finger rings, 14 ingots, six brooch fragments and a fine wire braid which may have been worn as a necklace, could have been buried by a Viking warrior before he went into battle.

The collection of 10 bracelets and other jewellery are thought to have been worn to signify rank of the influential owner.

Dr Gareth Williams, the curator of early medieval coins at the museum, said: “Some of the coins reinforce the things we already know but with some of them it fills in the gaps where we didn’t even know we had gaps.

“It is always great when you get a new piece of evidence. This is the first new medieval King for at least 50 years and the first Viking King discovered since 1840. It is a very exciting find.”

It was found in September by Darren Webster, 39 using a metal detector on land around Silverdale, in north Lancashire.

If the coroner rules it is treasure, an independent committee will value it and any money raised will be divided equally between company director and the landowner.

The hoard was unveiled at an event in the museum yesterday to mark the launch of the Treasure and Portable Antiquities Scheme (PAS) reports, which showed there were 157,188 finds recorded between 2009 and last year.

Ed Vaizey, the Culture Minister, said: “It is widely recognised that both the Portable Antiquities Scheme and the Treasure Act 1996 have been a great success.

“They are both helping to enrich museum collections, with the most important archaeological discoveries being acquired for the nation.

“It is a tremendous achievement that the Staffordshire and Frome hoards are now on display in public collections where they can be enjoyed by all.”

Mr Webster said he would “love” the collection to go to his local museum in Lancaster.

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How Scandinavian is Scotland?

BBC News – How Scandinavian is Scotland?

Map of Scotland

The Scottish government is exploring closer links with Nordic nations in the event of independence, reports have suggested. But just how similar is Scotland to its northern neighbours?

They don’t make bridies in Bergen or Tunnock’s Tea Cakes in Torsby.

Nor is Hakkebøf half as popular in Hamilton or Helensburgh as it is in Hvidovre.

But the North Sea which separates Scotland from Scandinavia could become slightly less of a divide if political leaders in Edinburgh have their way.

According to reports, strategists within the Scottish National Party (SNP) government have drawn up plans to shift the country’s focus away from the UK and towards the Nordic countries if a referendum on independence is passed.

It’s a plan which might appeal to those who support the SNP’s drive for a sovereign Scotland, and might be expected to attract opposition from supporters of the union.

But regardless of contemporary politics, looking north reveals much about a little-discussed aspect of how the national character was forged.


The union with the rest of the UK may be more widely discussed in a political context, and Scotland’s Gaelic and Celtic heritage might be widely celebrated. But the long history of Viking and Norse settlement in Scotland has left an indelible mark.

Scots words like bairn (child), midden (dump), muckle (large) and even kilt (from the verb kjalta, meaning “to fold”) are derived from Old Norse. Places like Dingwall, Wick, Lerwick and Tinwald can all trace their etymology back to the same source.

This heritage is most visible during the Up Helly Aa fire festivals in Shetland, which culminate in the burning of a replica Viking galley.

But the cultural analogies persist in modern times, and not just in terms of Scottish shoppers visiting chains like H&M or Ikea.

Recent years have seen an upsurge in international interest in gloomy, gritty, Scandinavian crime fiction such as the Wallander series, Stieg Larsson’s Millennium trilogy or the Danish TV series The Killing. Their success mirrors that of so-called “Tartan noir” writers like Ian Rankin, Val McDermid, Christopher Brookmyre and William McIlvanney, who have also used the detective genre to explore social themes.

According to Rankin, these very similar strands of fiction hint at something deep-rooted in national characteristics.

“In countries where it’s dark half the year, you do tend to have a great tradition of storytelling,” he says.

The annual Up Helly Aa festival sees Viking jarl squads take to the streets of the Shetland capital

“Whenever I’ve met Scandinavian writers, we do share quite a dark sense of humour and a feeling that the world’s messed up, we might as well laugh about it.

“Both sides tend to share quite a dark view of the human condition, and are certainly a long way from the Agatha Christie school of crime writing.”

A shared Calvinist tradition may account for this common interest in a genre which thrives on a pessimistic view of human nature. But as Rankin suggests, many of the cultural similarities could owe much to proximity.

An oft-repeated tale has Jo Grimond, former Liberal MP for Orkney and Shetland, being asked to give the name of his nearest rail station on a parliamentary expenses form, and writing “Bergen, Norway”.

And for centuries there were political links across the North Sea. The first Viking raid on Iona is thought to have taken part in 794, and much of the Hebrides and Caithness would come under Norse rule. Orkney and Shetland continued to be earldoms under Norway until 1468.

This settlement resulted in the Scandinavian-derived Norn language being spoken on Orkney and Shetland until the 18th Century, and influencing the Shetlandic and Orcadian dialects to this day.

But this Norse settlement did not, in the main, affect the central belt – the most populous, culturally dominant part of the country. This has meant the Nordic influence has been downplayed, according to Norwegian-born Dr Arne Kruse, senior lecturer in Scandinavian studies at the University of Edinburgh, who has lived in Scotland for 22 years.

In his view, however, this has led to many important potential areas of co-operation being downplayed.

“There are so many similarities, especially in terms of our relationship to nature – the oil, the fisheries, the fish farming, the renewables,” he says. “There are so many parallels.”

In particular, he says, Scotland’s Presbyterian heritage mirrors Scandinavia’s Lutheran tradition, lending both peoples an egalitarian suspicion of rank and a strong emphasis on the importance of education.

Highland cow and boy in Viking helmet Horns feature prominently in the iconography of both sides (NB real Viking helmets did not normally have horns)

But while in recent decades, Scotland’s preferences as expressed at the ballot box have arguably been closer to those of social-democratic Scandinavia than much of the UK, the economies of both sides are very different.

The Nordic countries have thrived on high-tech, high-skilled industries. By contrast, Scotland has placed far greater emphasis on services since its decline in heavy manufacturing.

The Scotsman columnist Lesley Riddoch set up the think tank Nordic Horizons to push for closer links between the Holyrood parliament and its northern neighbours.

She argues that regardless of whether Scotland opts for independence, it should seek to learn from these countries.

“It’s like two cousins who have gone their own ways – only one of them still has his own hair, but they’re still cousins,” she says.

Look north

  • Scandinavia: Comprised of the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden
  • Nordic countries: A region in Northern Europe and the North Atlantic which includes Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden and the associated territories of the Faroe Islands, Greenland and Åland

“In many ways, Scotland is the southern, fertile end of the Nordic empire.”

However, Riddoch accepts that the north will only ever be one influence on Scotland. Unsurprisingly, many Scots strongly identify with their Gaelic heritage. Estimates suggest that a third of Glasgow’s population has family ties with Ireland.

Additionally, the fact that most opinion polls still show only a minority of Scottish voters favour independence is used by supporters of the union to argue that voters still value the link with the rest of the UK.

“It’s true that Glasgow will be looking to Ireland as a Celtic nation whereas the east looks both to the Nordics and the low countries,” Riddoch says. “But every nation has the same thing of looking two ways.”

Indeed, Kruse argues that this mix of cultural influences is what sets the country apart from the more homogenous Nordic nations and, ultimately, makes Scotland Scottish.

“When I first came here I experienced a mosaic of cultures,” he says. “That’s what makes Scotland unique.”

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Anglo-Saxon building discovered in Yorkshire BY MEDIEVALISTS.NET – DECEMBER 2, 2011

The flanks of Ingleborough in the Yorkshire Dales National Park have given up one of their secrets to a team of amateur archaeologists.

Members of the Ingleborough Archaeology Group spent weeks investigating a remote site on the side of one of the National Park’s famous Three Peaks to the west of Selside in Upper Ribblesdale.

And their work has resulted in the discovery of the first 7th century building to be positively identified in the National Park – and one of the first in the north of England.

Excavation supervisor Dr David Johnson said: “We uncovered a small, rectangular, partly stone-built building with two rooms and in it we found 16 pieces of charcoal impressed into the compacted soil floor.

“Two of these were sent for radiocarbon dating and returned identical dates – between AD660 and 780, which puts the end of the site’s use firmly within the Anglo-Saxon period. That makes this building the only firmly-dated, post-Roman archaeological site in Ribblesdale – which is of more than local significance.

“We also found small pieces of chert, a dark, rock-like flint that was knapped to make small tools. These are likely to date from the Early Neolithic period, possibly 6,000 years ago and it was probably pure chance that the pieces found their way into the building – they may have been trapped in turfs used for sealing the walls or roof of the building.”

Many settlement sites have been identified between Ribblehead and Horton in Ribblesdale, including a well-known site near Ribblehead Quarry that was excavated in the 1970s.

Robert White, the Yorkshire Dales National Park Authority’s Senior Historic Environment Officer, said: “The is one of the organisation we frequently give grants to carry out to support fieldwork projects and encourage research

This is an exciting discovery and one which is a credit to the group for the professional way they approached and conducted the excavation.

“The National Park has a wealth of archaeological sites but very few have been excavated and even fewer since scientific dating techniques became widely available. This is the first building in the National Park that is firmly dated to the 7th century and is one of only a handful in the north.

“The results help fill in a picture of how life and farming communities developed in the Dales and shows just how much unrecorded archaeology there still is.

“Although very little written information survives for the period between the ending of Roman occupation in about AD 410 and the Norman Conquest, archaeological evidence has shown it to be a culturally rich and politically dynamic period across many areas of the country.”

Roger Bingham, the National Park Authority’s Member Champion for Conservation of Cultural Heritage, said: “All of us who are concerned about conserving and discovering more of our heritage have to thank enthusiasts for their important discoveries.

“They are only ‘amateur’ because they are unpaid. In every other way – in methods of working and, above all, in recording – their expertise is thoroughly professional and we are pleased to have been able to provide financial support towards some of their expenses, such as carbon dating, through our research budget.

“In these recent cases they have expanded our knowledge about the dawn of human inhabitation by the first Stone Age Dales people. Their post Roman/Anglo-Saxon discoveries have shed light on a generally unrecorded era and have so helped to illuminate a period once inaccurately called The Dark Ages.”

The site has now been backfilled and the turf reinstated to protect it.

There is an illustrated blog about the excavation on the Group’s website at See also the Authority’s Out of Oblivion website at for more information about the local area’s history.

Source: Yorkshire Dales National Park Authority

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Saxon burial ground under Warwickshire couple’s home

A skeleton found close to the entrance to the property in Ratley. Photo: Archaeology Warwickshire
Mr West said at first he thought the bodies were probably casualties of the battle of Edgehill

A Warwickshire man has described the moment builders found human bones under his patio.

Stephen and Nicky West were having their home redeveloped when one of the builders unearthed the remains.

Mr West said: “There was a tap on the door and the builder said ‘Stephen, I think there’s something you need to see’.

“He had a skull in his hand and I thought ‘oh my goodness’.”

The couple have lived at their house in Ratley, a village in south Warwickshire, for nearly seven years.

The village is near to Edgehill – site of the the battle of Edgehill, where the King’s army clashed with Parliamentarians in 1642 at the start of the English Civil War.



A skeleton that was found in Ratley. Photo: Archaeology Warwickshire


  • The Anglo-Saxon period lasted for 600 years, from 410 to 1066
  • The term Anglo-Saxon refers to settlers from the German regions of Angeln and Saxony, who made their way over to Britain after the fall of the Roman Empire around AD 410
  • They replaced the Roman stone buildings with their own wooden ones, and spoke their own language, which gave rise to the English spoken today
  • The Anglo-Saxons also brought their own religious beliefs, but the arrival of Saint Augustine in 597 converted most of the country to Christianity
  • The early settlers kept to small tribal groups, forming kingdoms and sub-kingdoms


Mr West said at first he thought the bodies were probably casualties of the battle.

He said: “It was funny because when we started the work on the house people said ‘you’ll probably find bones in the garden from the civil war’ but they predated that by a long way.”

In fact the bones predated the civil war by at least 800 years.

Mr and Mrs West informed Warwickshire County Council’s archaeologists.

Archaeology Warwickshire’s manager Stuart Palmer visited the site and determined they had been buried there long ago and were not the victims of any recent foul play.

Mr Palmer said the group did not normally undertake scientific research on all finds because the service’s funds were limited.

But Mr and Mrs West were so intrigued by the discovery they commissioned Archaeology Warwickshire to test the bones.

The bones were discovered last year but the service has only recently released the test results.

The archaeologists identified the remains of at least four bodies which included two adult females, a young male and a juvenile aged between 10 and 12.

Radiocarbon dates from two of the skeletons show that they died around 650-820 AD in what is known as the middle Saxon period.

Stephen West Mr West said he did not mind living over a burial ground

‘Extreme hardship’

England at this time was divided into a number of kingdoms and Ratley may have been in a frontier war zone between the Saxon kingdom of the Hwicce and the eventually dominant Anglian kingdom of Mercia.

Mr Palmer said: “The discovery of this previously unsuspected burial ground is an extremely rare and important addition to what has previously been an archaeologically invisible period of Warwickshire’s history.

“Detailed analysis of the skeletons has revealed an insight into the health of the middle Saxon population who clearly suffered periods of malnourishment and were subject to a wide range of infections indicative of lives of extreme hardship and often near-constant pain.”

He said it was quite rare to find bones of this date anywhere in the county let alone in someone’s garden.

He added: “The bones are almost certainly part of a much larger cemetery.”

The bones, which were removed for testing, will now be stored by the service until it is decided where they will be kept permanently.

Mr West said they were not bothered about living on top of an ancient burial ground.

He said: “It’s spine tingling to think there’s so much history and we’re sleeping on it.

“It’s one of those odd things, it’s quite comforting in some ways, as long as they don’t disturb our sleep.”

The archaeological service is part of Warwickshire County Council.

Chris Williams, county councillor for Kineton division where the find was made, said: “It’s fascinating to know what lies beneath our feet and homes in this part of Warwickshire.

“It makes you wonder what else could be out there?

“It’s encouraging to know that here in Warwickshire we have such a team of experts to deal with these discoveries.”


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Now Cumbria comes up with Viking silver

Now Cumbria comes up with Viking silver | UK news |

Now Cumbria comes up with Viking silver

Who left 92 pieces of valuable loot on the edge of the Lake District in the 10th century? Barrow’s Dock Museum and its big sister in Bloomsbury, London, are on the case

Furness hoard coins

Contents of a Viking lady’s handbag? Archaeologists are delighted with the Furness Hoard Photograph: Cumbria Tourism

The Northerner, or the Hoarder as it is soon to be renamed, now brings you news of yet another discovery of bullion in our rich regional earth.

After the golden finds in Leeds and Tadcaster in Yorkshire, here is an impressive amount of silver which a detectorist has unearthed on the Furness peninsula (the beautiful approach to interesting Barrow where, a propos of doom-laden suggestions that northern manufacturing has ceased, we still make ships).

This find may have more than usual historical significance according to initial analysis which dates it to around 955 when Norse invaders were having a rough time in the face of an Anglo-Saxon counter-attack. Documentary history has it that England was a unified entity under King Athelstan, after a gathering of English sub-kings and thegns at Eamont Bridge, on the 12th July, AD 927. (If their ghosts are still around, incidentally, they may be impressed by the village’s new flood defences).

Locals dressed in costumes watch as a replica Viking galley burns in Lerwick on the Shetland Islands Vikings are always good for tourism. Here’s a junior Up-Helly-Aa replica Viking galley burning in Lerwick on the Shetland Islands Photograph: KIERAN DOHERTY/REUTERS

Vikings in possession of 92 pieces of valuable rare silver coins and other booty, including silver ingots and one almost-complete silver ‘hack’ bracelet, could suggest that Furness was holding out against this alliance. Mind you, further tests may indicate that the hoard was deliberately buried and in a hurry, as they scampered for their longships.

The British Museum is expected to tell us more next month, especially on possible links to Viking settlement in the area in the 9th and 10th centuries. Dr Gareth Williams of the museum says:

On the basis of the information so far, this is a fascinating hoard. By the mid-950s, most of England had become integrated into a single kingdom, with a regulated coinage, but this part of the north-west was not integrated into the English kingdom until much later, and the hoard reflects that.

It’s a good reminder of how much finds like this can tell us about the history of different parts of the country.

Surprisingly few buried Viking relics have been found previously in Cumbria, considering its long coastline and many other links. Norse place names abound, from Hackthorpe to Ulpha, and terms such as beck, fell, foss and tarn come straight from Scandinavian roots.

Norse surrender Cherie Blair meets some more Vikings, in York

The 14ft Norse Cross at St Mary’s, Gosforth, is the tallest in England and there are other smaller ones, along with tombstones. But the main buried finds are the Penrith Hoard of 10th century silver Penannular brooches mostly found in 1989 at Flusco Pike, and a merchant’s weight dug up in 2006 on the Furness Peninsula. So Cumbria Tourism is very pleased with the new discovery.

Its managing director Ian Stephens says:

The significance of this hoard is not to be underestimated. We hope that once an independent committee provides the British Museum with a valuation, fund raising can begin in earnest to ensure that this exceptional find can be kept in Cumbria, with its rightful home at the Dock Museum, Barrow, thereby helping to put Cumbria’s richly important Viking heritage on the map.

Fund-raising by the Dock Museum will start when the British Museum sets a price under Treasure Trove.

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The Norse Creation Myth

The Ulfhednar Kindred – The Norse Creation Myth


The Ulfhednar Kindred – The Norse Creation Myth


The first world to exist was Muspell, a place of light and heat whose flames are so hot that those who are not native to that land cannot endure it.

Surt sits at Muspell’s border, guarding the land with a flaming sword. At the end of the world he will vanquish all the gods and burn the whole world with fire.


Ginnungagap and Niflheim

Beyond Muspell lay the great and yawning void named Ginnungagap, and beyond Ginnungagap lay the dark, cold realm of Niflheim.

Ice, frost, wind, rain and heavy cold emanated from Niflheim, meeting in Ginnungagap the soft air, heat, light, and soft air from Muspell.



Where heat and cold met appeared thawing drops, and this running fluid grew into a giant frost ogre named Ymir.


Frost ogres

Ymir slept, falling into a sweat. Under his left arm there grew a man and a woman. And one of his legs begot a son with the other. This was the beginning of the frost ogres.



Thawing frost then became a cow called Audhumla. Four rivers of milk ran from her teats, and she fed Ymir.


Buri, Bor, and Bestla

The cow licked salty ice blocks. After one day of licking, she freed a man’s hair from the ice. After two days, his head appeared. On the third day the whole man was there. His name was Buri, and he was tall, strong, and handsome.

Buri begot a son named Bor, and Bor married Bestla, the daughter of a giant.


Odin, Vili, and V�

Bor and Bestla had three sons: Odin was the first, Vili the second, and V� the third.

It is believed that Odin, in association with his brothers, is the ruler of heaven and earth. He is the greatest and most famous of all men.


The death of Ymir

Odin, Vili, and V� killed the giant Ymir.

When Ymir fell, there issued from his wounds such a flood of blood, that all the frost ogres were drowned, except for the giant Bergelmir who escaped with his wife by climbing onto a lur [a hollowed-out tree trunk that could serve either as a boat or a coffin]. From them spring the families of frost ogres.


Earth, trees, and mountains

The sons of Bor then carried Ymir to the middle of Ginnungagap and made the world from him. From his blood they made the sea and the lakes; from his flesh the earth; from his hair the trees; and from his bones the mountains. They made rocks and pebbles from his teeth and jaws and those bones that were broken.



Maggots appeared in Ymir’s flesh and came to life. By the decree of the gods they acquired human understanding and the appearance of men, although they lived in the earth and in rocks.


Sky, clouds, and stars

From Ymir’s skull the sons of Bor made the sky and set it over the earth with its four sides. Under each corner they put a dwarf, whose names are East, West, North, and South.

The sons of Bor flung Ymir’s brains into the air, and they became the clouds.

Then they took the sparks and burning embers that were flying about after they had been blown out of Muspell, and placed them in the midst of Ginnungagap to give light to heaven above and earth beneath. To the stars they gave appointed places and paths.

The earth was surrounded by a deep sea. The sons of Bor gave lands near the sea to the families of giants for their settlements.



To protect themselves from the hostile giants, the sons of Bor built for themselves an inland stonghold, using Ymir’s eyebrows. This stonghold they named Midgard.


Ask and Embla

While walking along the sea shore the sons of Bor found two trees, and from them they created a man and a woman.

Odin gave the man and the woman spirit and life. Vili gave them understanding and the power of movement. V� gave them clothing and names. The man was named Ask [Ash] and the woman Embla [Elm?]. From Ask and Embla have sprung the races of men who lived in Midgard.



In the middle of the world the sons of Bor built for themselves a stronghold named Asgard, called Troy by later generations. The gods and their kindred lived in Asgard, and many memorable events have happened there.

In Asgard was a great hall named Hlidskj�lf. Odin sat there on a high seat. From there he could look out over the whole world and see what everyone was doing. He understood everything that he saw.


Odin, Frigg, and the �sir

Odin married Frigg, the daughter of Fj�rgvin. From this family has come all the kindred that inhabited ancient Asgard and those kingdoms that belonged to it. Members of this family are called the �sir, and they are all divinities. This must be the reason why Odin is called All-Father. He is the father of all the gods and men and of everything that he and his power created.



The earth was Odin’s daughter and his wife as well. By her he had his first son, Thor. Might and strength were Thor’s characteristics. By these he dominates every living creature.



As all informed people know, the gods built a bridge from earth to heaven called Bifr�st. Some call it the rainbow. It has three colors and is very strong, made with more skill and cunning than other structures. But strong as it is, it will break when the sons of Muspell ride out over it. The gods are not to blame that this structure will then break. Bifr�st is a good bridge, but there is nothing in this world that can be relied on when the sons of Muspell are on the warpath.

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My Rune Interpretations

Fehu. Material wealth, exchange, money & financial matters. The

Uruz. Courage, determination, health, strength. Thor, Eir.

Thurisaz. Thorn, protection, breakthrough, curses. Thor, The Thurses.

Ansuz. Communication, wisdom, mental clarity, study. Odin.

Raido. Travel, vehicle, progress.

Kenaz. Fire. Illumination, creativity, power. The Dark-Elves, Freyja.

Gebo. A gift,generosity.

Wunjo. Joy, pleasure, comfort.

Hagalaz. Hail, crisis-point, change, gestation. Motherhood. Hel.

Nauthiz. Need, necessity, patience, discipline in order to achieve.

Isa. Ice, inactivity, need for caution.

Jera. Year, harvest, gain, reward.

Eihwaz. Yew, stability, toughness, resilience, security.

Perthro. Chance, gamble, mystery. Wyrd, The Norns.

Algiz. Protection, defence.

Sowelo. Sun, victory, spiritual-fulfilment . Sunna.

Tiwaz. Justice, self-sacrifice. Tyr.

Berkano. Birch, birth, beginnings.

Ehwaz. Horse, travel, spiritual journey.

Mannaz. Man, humanity, culture, Midgard.

Laguz. Sea, water, intuition, emotional issues.

Ingwaz. Nature, peace, plenty, fertility. Ingvi-Frey

Dagaz. Day, clarity, safety.

Odal. Inheritance, property, the home. The Ancestors.

Rune Study.

By studying the Rune-Poems we can get a basic idea on their meanings. This is not as daunting as it seems. There is no need to learn them off by heart or try to cram them.

If you have many books on Runes you will find that the author is giving *their* interpretations of the Runes. This is fine but what has to be acknowledged is the fact that *they* are all gaining the material from the same source – the Rune-Poems.

Studying the rune poems are a good source of reference & guidance; but it is up to the individual as to how to interpret them – especially when it concerns divination.

The method that I use is to draw two Runes each day at random from a bag or some other receptacle, one in the morning & the next one in the evening. Do not worry if you have not got a set of Runes as you can cut 24 strips of paper & draw the Rune-Staves on them, these are then folded up & placed in your bag.

The next step is to monitor your day’s activities; no matter how insignificant your day has been, then look up the basic Rune-Meaning to see if there is anything in your day that corresponds to the Rune that was drawn in the morning; after that you then draw your evening rune & follow the same procedure – then look at the Rune-Poems to see if there is anything of significance.

After a few weeks of this study method you may find a pattern developing, this then becomes a *key* factor in your personal interpretation of the Runes.

You may find that keeping a journal of your experiences helps; you can use a written journal or open a new folder on your computer.


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